The position of the woman in Islam-1

Throughout the history there have been different approaches to the concept of the position of women in the society. Sometimes the women were and are under the very hard pressure of their family specially their husbands. On the other hand there is another approach that is so extreme. But both viewpoints have not considered the position of women properly.

But according to the real teachings of Islam despite of the differences between men and women, they are equal in humanity. They both can reach to the highest levels of spiritual perfection and nearness to Allah. The differences between they are derived from two roots, the first is the physical aspects and the second is the emotional ones. Some of the scholars use this likening; they say that men and women are like two stars that each has an orbit in which it moves. The main condition for the perfection of a society which in fact is combined from these two genders is achieved when each of these two continues moving in its own orbit. So the main problems of the societies are created when the roles of each man and woman change and they are away from their own innate nature.

Islam by its teachings has vivified the rights of women, especially at the time of its emergence. When we refer to the books of history we see that what was happening to the women before Islam. The holy Quran describes that situation in some verses, like verses 58-59 in chapter Nahl:

وَإِذَا بُشِّرَ أَحَدُهُمْ بِالأُنثَى ظَلَّ وَجْهُهُ مُسْوَدًّا وَهُوَ كَظِيمٌ

يَتَوَارَى مِنَ الْقَوْمِ مِن سُوءِ مَا بُشِّرَ بِهِ أَيُمْسِكُهُ عَلَى هُونٍ أَمْ يَدُسُّهُ فِي التُّرَابِ أَلاَ سَاء مَا يَحْكُمُونَ

“When good news of the birth of a female is given to any of them, his face grows dark and inwardly he chokes.

Because of the evil of the good news he hides himself from people; (pondering) whether he will keep her and be humiliated, or trample her into the dust. Evil is their judgment!”

So a question might arise here; if Islam has considered man and women equally, so what is the reason of some differences in some rules?

There are many discussions from different aspects like psychology, sociology, the philosophies beyond Islamic rules etc. in this regard that God-willing we will elaborate on them, but briefly as the answer to this question we say:

Islam is not against the equality between man and woman. The point here is that Islam does not believe in the similarity in some rules between them. The concept of equality is different from the concept of similarity. Let’s bring an example which is helpful for our topic.

Imagine that a father wants to divide his heritage among his children. He has different kinds of property, like the farm, sheep, house, and store. But because he is aware of the circumstances or capacities or abilities of his children he gives his store to a son, his farm to another, his house to the third and his sheep to the fourth, because he has understood that the first son has the capacity of managing the store, the second has the ability to work in the farm as a farmer. The third son has no house and he is in the very urgent need of that. The fourth is good at being a shepherd. So they are not given the same capital that the other is given, but in this situation we do not call this father as an unjust father, but rather we call him as a wise father.

To be continued.


Source: (narrating from the sayings of Martyr Motahari)

Lady Fatimah, the unique sample for human being-3

The life of Lady Fatimah is a sample for us from every side and dimension. One of the dimensions of that is her relation with her husband Imam Ali. She was in the house of Imam Ali for nine years till the time in which she got martyr at the age of eighteen.

Imam Ali said: She never made me angry and never disobeyed me and verily when I was looking at her my sorrow and sadness were being removed.

This good relation was from both sides. Imam Ali said: I swear by Allah I never made Fatimah angry until the time that Allah took her (i.e. she got martyr) and I never caused her to be unpleasant in any matter.

This couple was so much appropriate and compatible with each other. The holy Prophet of Islam said:

If Ali was not, there would not be any match for Fatimah.

The deep love between these infallible spouses was not just because of their marriage, but rather it was because of the great position that each had before Allah. After the departure of the Prophet, Imam Ali was the Imam of the time of Lady Fatimah.

So we see that she was protecting the Imam of her time in different situations. When after the departure of the Prophet, Imam Ali was deprived from his right of governing; Lady Fatimah was supporting Imam Ali through different ways, like going to the houses of people and reminding them of the sayings of the Prophet about Imam Ali as his successor. So her supports were not because of the marital relation with Imam Ali but rather were for the very important base in Islam i.e. the divine leadership and governing by the infallible person who was the collection of all virtues and good characteristics.

Through these three posts we mentioned a drop from the ocean of the virtues of Lady Fatimah, a Lady about whom Imam Mahdi (May Allah hasten his reappearance) said:

The daughter of the Prophet of Allah is a good sample and role model for me.

Lady Fatimah, the unique sample for human being-2

Lady Fatimah got married to the first Imam i.e. Imam Ali peace be upon them both. The day after the night of wedding ceremony the holy Prophet of Islam asked Imam Ali: How did you find your wife? The Imam replied: She is a good assistant in the way of the obedience of Allah.

This answer can help us to find this important point that the spouses must be as an assistant in the way of Allah.

Lady Fatimah was very generous. It is narrated in the history that in the night of her wedding a poor woman came to her and asked her for help. It is so interesting that Lady Fatimah gave her own wedding dress to that poor woman.

She herself said: Three things are beloved to me from your world; reciting the Quran, looking at the face of the Prophet and giving charity in the way of Allah.

Lady Fatimah was one of the unique worshipers throughout the history. She had a specific place in her house in which she was performing prayer. It is narrated that she was performing prayer so much to the extent that her legs were inflamed out of standing so much while prayer. It is clear that her prayers were not like our prayers that usually are performed without deep noticing to Allah, but rather her prayers were full of the presence of heart and humility before Allah.

The Prophet of Islam introduced the amount of love of Allah that Lady Fatimah had. He said to Salman (one of the companions of the Prophet and Imam Ali):

O Salman, faith is penetrated extremely in the heart of my daughter Fatimah to the extent that she evacuates her heart from everything for worshiping Allah (meaning her main goal in life is the satisfaction and pleasance of Allah). Allah has filled all being of my daughter full of faith and certainty.

Imam Hassan the son of Imam Ali and Lady Fatimah narrated: I saw my mother in a night of Friday that she was worshiping Allah till the dawn and I heard that she prayed so much for the believers, men and women by mentioning their names, but she did not pray for herself. I asked her: O my mom, why don’t you prayer for yourself just like you pray for others? And she replied: O my dear son, first, the neighbor and then the house.

One of the titles of Lady Fatimah is “Zahra”. In Arabic, Zahra means something that shines so much. Imam Sadiq peace be upon him was asked: Why was Lady Fatimah called Zahra? And the Imam replied: Because when she was standing in her Mihrab (the specific place for prayer) her light was shining for the inhabitants of the heaven just like the stars which shine for the inhabitants of the earth.

To be continued.

Lady Fatimah, the unique sample for human being

Throughout the history there were some women that they had good characteristics and they can be as a role model and sample for other women and even sometimes for the men. In the holy Quran in chapter Tahrim verses 11-12 we see that Allah mentioned two examples from the women for the believers. These two samples are the wife of Pharaoh and Lady Marry the mother of Prophet Jesus. The Quran did not state that these two are the samples for the women but rather it said that Allah has given examples for those who believe.

The great and high personality of Lady Fatimah peace be upon her is so much clear for all branches of Islam. The very shocking features that are narrated from the holy Prophet of Islam about this great Lady are so much to the extent that no Muslim can deny them. The history bears witness that this Lady had many good features like knowledge, infallibility, having the very high position before Allah, modesty, worship, helping poor, being very appropriate wife and mother etc.

The holy Prophet of Islam was respecting her so much. The sayings, in which the high characteristics of Lady Fatimah are mentioned, show that the deep love which the Prophet of Islam had toward his beloved daughter was not just a love which is common between fathers and daughters.

When the holy Prophet of Islam wanted to go out of his city, Lady Fatimah was the last one for the Prophet to say goodbye and when he was returning the first one to visit was his beloved daughter. When Lady Fatimah was entering in the house of the Prophet, he was standing and going toward her and kissing her hand out of love and respect.

The infallibility of this Lady was to the extent that the holy Prophet of Islam said to her:

O Fatimah, verily Allah gets angry because of your anger and gets happy because of your happiness.

If we deeply ponder upon this meaningful saying we see that how a Lady reaches to a position that she becomes the orbit of anger and pleasance of the Lord of the world. It means that she was in a very unique position of sincerity and spiritual nearness to Allah.

To be continued.

The Titles of Risalat al-Huquq (Treatise on Rights)


According to the account of al-Shaykh al-Saduq in al-Khisal, the titles of Risalat al-Huquq are:

  1. The right of God
  2. The right of soul
  3. The right of tongue
  4. The right of ears
  5. The right of eyes
  6. The right of hands
  7. The right of feet
  8. The right of abdomen
  9. The right of private parts
  10. The right of prayers
  11. The right of pilgrimage to Mekka
  12. The right of fasting
  13. The right of charity
  14. The right of sacrificed animals
  15. The right of governor
  16. The right of teacher
  17. The right of lord
  18. The right of bondman
  19. The right of student
  20. The right of woman
  21. The right of slave
  22. The right of mother
  23. The right of father
  24. The right of child
  25. The right of brother
  26. The right of a freed slave
  27. The right of servant
  28. The right of whoever does you a favor
  29. The right of the reciter of Adhan
  30. The right of the Imam in congregational prayer
  31. The right of companion (general)
  32. The right of neighbor
  33. The right of friend
  34. The right of partner
  35. The right of money and whatever you possess
  36. The right of a loan seeker
  37. The right of companion (personal and particular)
  38. The rights of your enemy (your duties toward your enemy)
  39. Your rights against your enemy (what you are allowed to do toward your enemy)
  40. The right of anyone who consults you
  41. The right of counselor
  42. The rights of anyone who seeks advice
  43. The rights of anyone who gives advice
  44. The right of elderly
  45. The right of kids
  46. The right of beggar
  47. The right of whoever gives charity
  48. The right of whoever makes you happy
  49. The right of whoever does you wrong
  50. The right of the followers of your religion
  51. The right of the followers of other religions

Three eyes don’t cry in the Day of Judgment


Imam Baqir (A.S)

All eyes are crying in the day of judgment except for three : an eye stayed the night vigilant in the way of God , an eye cried in fear of God , and an eye guarded from the Godly unlawful.

(Al – Kafi , Vol . 2 , P . 80)

Love and Friendship Characteristics


Imam Javad (A.S):

Love and friendship is attained by three characters: fairness, accompaniment and sympathy when hardship, pure heartedness and benevolence to others

(Mesnad Al_Imam Al_Javad , P.248)

4 Kinds of People


Imam Askari (A.S):

The most pious among the people is the one to stop ( action ) in doubts , the most worshiping is the one to perform the obligations , the most austere is the one to leave the unlawful , and the most striving is the one to leave sins.

(Tohaf Al_Okool , P.519)

Tree Advices for Life


The Holy Prophet (PBUH) said:

“Ask (questions from) the learned, speak with the wise, and associate with the poor.”

Tuhaf-ul-‘Uqul, p. 34

What is meant by a Young Person?


Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S) said to a man:

“What is meant by a young person [Al-Fata] in your estimation?”

The man replied, “A youth.” The Imam (A.S) replied, “No, the young person [Al-Fata] is the true believer. Surely the Companions of the Cave [Ashab Kahf] were all old people, however Allah, Glory and Greatness be to Him, called them youth who believed in Him.”

Al-Kafi, Volume 8, Page 395 and 595